Printmaking encompasses a wide variety of media including stonecut, stencil, lithography, etching and engraving, silkscreen, woodcut and linocut. Prints are released in annual collections accompanied by a catalogue. They are generally pulled in very limited editions of fifty or less. Each print is signed and inscribed with the name of the artist, printmaker, title, edition number, and year.

Printmaking among the Inuit began in the late 1950s as one of many arts and crafts projects initiated by the Canadian government in an attempt to encourage economic independence. Inspired by the initial success of the Cape Dorset co-operative (who have recently celebrated 50 years of printmaking), many other communities followed suit. Each community developed independently, and differs in imagery and technique.

Since it was introduced, prints have been produced in several Canadian Arctic communities: Baker Lake, Cape Dorset, Clyde River, Holman Island, Pangnirtung and many Arctic Quebec communities including Povungnituk.